Marino Marini Italian, 1901-1980
Marino Marini was born in 1901 in Pistola, Italy. He originally studied painting at the Accademia di Belle Arti in Florence, before turning to sculpture after graduation.
His equestrian sculpture became his best-known work, and the figures of the horse and rider recur throughout his oeuvre. Inspired by Etruscan and northern European art, particularly sculptures of medieval knights in Germany, the horse and rider figures originally symbolised harmony between man and nature. After experiencing conflict during World War Two, this dynamic changed, and his compositions became increasingly dramatic and tense.
He died in 1980, and in 1988 the Marino Marini Museum dedicated to his oeuvre opened in Florence.